UK Planning Decision Framework (enlarged)

Plan Making

Development Management

Public Involvement

National Level

UK Government

Planning Inspectorate

National Planning Policy Framework (‘NPPF’) sets out Government planning policy.

Supported by National Planning Practice Guidance (‘NPPG’).

Secretary of State is responsible for deciding on planning appeals (but usually delegated to Planning Inspectorate)

Planning Inspectorate decide on Major infrastructure proposals, using National Policy Statements (‘NPSs’) set by the Government as criteria.

General elections.

Writing to your local MP (for New Forest West).

The public may comment on planning proposals.

Local Level

NFDC

NF National Park

Local Plans contain the local planning authority policy against which to judge individual development schemes.

If there is no Local Plan, National-level policy is the default criteria.

Larger or contentious development proposals are approved by elected councillors, advised by planning officers.

Under delegated authority from the elected council, smaller development proposals are decidedy by planning officers based on Local Plan criteria.

The public may comment on any planning proposals.
Neighbourhood Level

Lymington & Pennington Town Council

Neighbourhood Development Plans (‘NDPs’) help shape the implementation of the Local Plan in respect of where it will go within the neighbourhood area and what it will look like (but cannot prevent development set out in the Local Plan).

Neighbourhood Development Orders (‘NDOs’) or Community Right to Build Orders (‘CRBOs’) set out the types of development that should get automatic planning permission.

Parish councils do not have planning powers. However, they are statutory consultees and must be notified of all planning applications within the parish so that they may comment to the relevant local planning authority. Comments made by the council do not carry any more statutory weight than those made by the general public but even so may be given more consideration depending on the planning officer. A six week consultation phase must be held to gather and take account of public responses to the draft NDP.

Later an independent examiner will consider public representations received by NFDC during a further six week window.

A local referendum must be held. A majority is needed to bring the NDP into effect.

Community Level Non-Statutory Tools such as Village Design Statements (‘VDSs’), Community Action Plans (‘CAPS’) or Parish Plans (‘PPs’) set out how the local community sees itself developing including providing design guidance to developers. Can have a wider scope than just planning. VDSs , CAPs or PPs may be adopted by the local planning authority as Supplementary Planning Guidance, or a Material Consideration, when assessing development proposals.

Considerable community involvement and consultation is required in order to produce a non-statutory tool that would be given any weight by a planning authority.